There are many things about being a responsible pet owner – from feeding and walking them to providing them with love and attention. But one of the essential things you can do for them is to make sure they stay healthy through comprehensive cat & dog veterinary care.
Part of that involves being aware of the different types of surgeries your pet might need throughout their lifetime. Here’s a brief overview of some common vet surgeries:
1. Spay or neuter surgery
This is a fairly routine procedure that involves removing your pet’s reproductive organs. It’s typically done when they’re young (between 6 and 9 months old) but can be done at any age. Spaying or neutering your pet has several benefits, including reducing their risk of certain cancers and behavioral problems.
Some pet owners choose not to spay or neuter their animals due to the health risks associated with the surgery. However, these risks are very low, and the benefits of spaying or neutering your pet far outweigh any potential risks. Talk to your vet about whether or not this surgery is right for your pet.
2. Gastrointestinal surgery
This surgery is performed to correct any problems in the gastrointestinal tract, such as blockages or foreign bodies. It’s a fairly common surgery, particularly in dogs, known for putting things in their mouths that they shouldn’t.
Gastrointestinal surgery can be fairly complex, so find a vet who has experience performing this type of procedure. If your pet has issues with their gastrointestinal tract, make an appointment with your vet right away.
There are times when this procedure requires you to take your pet to an emergency vet clinic. Ensure to visit their website or call them to learn more about their after-care schedule.
3. Orthopedic surgery
A veterinary specialist performs orthopedic surgery to fix bones or joints that are not working correctly. This can be done to treat conditions like hip dysplasia, torn ligaments, and fractures.
Some pet owners opt for preventive orthopedic surgery for their animals, such as a dog ACL tear repair. This is necessary if the pet is at risk of developing these issues later in life.
The (APOP) Association for Pet Obesity Prevention said that 56% of dogs and 60% of cats were obese or overweight in the U.S. in 2018. Vets warn pet owners that obesity increases pressure on joints and bones. In the same year, APPA (American Pet Products Association) reported that almost 20.8 million dogs in the U.S. had undergone orthopedic surgeries in 2016.
The report said that the most common orthopedic surgeries performed on dogs were:
- Femoral head osteotomy
- Bones fracture repair
- Cruciate ligament repair
- Medial patellar luxation
- Skin surgery
Skin surgery is done to remove skin tumors, repair lacerations (cuts), or alleviate other skin conditions. It’s a common type of surgery for pets since they often have accidents or run into things that can cause cuts and scrapes.
A 6-year study in North Portugal from 2014 to 2020 found that skin tumors are the most common and second-most reported tumor type in male and female dogs. This means that your pet is likely to need this type of surgery at some point in their life.
4. Eye surgery
Eye surgery aims to treat cataracts, glaucoma, or detached retinas. Vets also recommend eye surgery to remove foreign objects from the eye or repair injuries.
This type of surgery is typically performed by a veterinary ophthalmologist, a vet who has specialized training in eye surgery. Make sure you take your pet to someone qualified and experienced in this area.
5. Ear surgery
Ear surgery is performed to treat conditions like polyps, tumors, or blockages in the ear. Vets also use this to remove foreign objects or clean out debris. A veterinary ophthalmologist or an ear, nose, and throat specialist (ENT) does this surgery.
Dental surgery removes tartar, plaque, or other debris from your pet’s teeth. Vets also use this to treat conditions like gingivitis or tooth decay.
Brushing your pet’s teeth regularly helps prevent the need for dental surgery. However, some pets may still need it because of genetics or underlying health conditions.
The Bottom Line
These are some of the most common vet surgeries your pet might need. Remember to take your pet to a qualified and experienced veterinarian to ensure that they get the best care possible.
Ask for referrals from the people you trust who have pets. They might know a great vet who can care for your pet’s needs. You can also look online by searching for “veterinary surgery near me.”